Generally, these products come from a plant source like soybeans or wheat. The plant goes through extensive processing to extract protein isolates which are then added to other concentrates and thickeners. Oils, colouring, flavours and other food additives are then included to make it look and taste more like meat.
Plant-based fake meat can also be made from mycoprotein, which comes from fermented fungi. The fungi are grown in a nutrient solution in fermenters. The final product is then heated, seasoned, steam cooked, chilled and shaped into the final meat-like texture.
Plant-based fake meats are ultra-processed, manufactured foods that are not nutritionally interchangeable with natural, nutritious and sustainable Australian red meat.